King David, in Psalms 22:14-18, describes the crucifixion of Christ 1000 years before it happened. Read Matthew 27:33-36 for comparison. Mark 15:22:39, Luke 23:24-49, and John 19:16-30 expands our knowledge of the crucifixion. These are historical facts, not something dreamed up around a campfire. The Psalms are words delivered to the Nation of Israel by God and penned by David. He writes through inspiration and describes death on the cross, which by the way, was not known until the Romans thought it up hundreds of years later.
The chapter following Psalm 22 is the familiar Psalm of David, which is known to every Christian from the beginning of Christianity. It begins with: "The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want."
Psalms 41:8-13 describes Christ’s betrayal by Judas and foretells his resurrection. It was written roughly1000 years before the actual event took place.
God speaks through the prophet Isaiah
The Scofield Study Bible tells us that Isaiah is the prophet of redemption. “Nowhere else in the scriptures written under the law have we so clear a view of grace.”
The book Questions and Answers from the Bible, by Les Feldick Ministries, helps us understand the difference between Law and Grace: The Law was dispensed at Mt. Sinai through Moses, and it was in three parts. It was first and foremost the moral Law, the Ten Commandments. It was the ritual law - how to worship, and how to approach God with the sacrifices, and priesthood and so forth. Then it also had the civil law - how to deal with your neighbor and how to settle disputes and so forth. That was all dispensed at Mt. Sinai. But the Cross ended all of that. The Cross ended the Law, because that was when everything was fulfilled despensationally of Law. You see, God in His wisdom could keep things secret as we see in Deuteronomy 29:29.
It was not until after Christ was raised from the dead and finished his time on earth that he chose Saul of Tarsus as his apostle to the gentiles. We’ll talk about this in the future, but Saul, the man most feared by believing Jews, would become known as Paul, and be sent to preach his gospel—as he learned from the risen Christ—to the rest of the world after Christ revealed secret things, kept hidden until revealed to Paul.
For now, let’s talk about the prophet Isaiah as taught in Questions and Answers from the Bible.
The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekial, kings of Judah.
From this we know Isaiah lived during the time Uzziah was king. History can pretty much identify the time that he ruled and reigned in Jerusalem from artifacts and other writings identifying the kings of Judah.
Isaiah is going to be prophesying to the nation of Israel in near-term events because of their falling headlong into idolatry. Even though they’ve got the Temple operating, it means nothing, and the rank and file of Israel has just become total rebels. From the northern end of the Dead Sea, and slightly north of Jerusalem is where the nation was divided. The ten tribes comprising the Northern Kingdom, the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin comprising the Southern Kingdom are staying to the south where they have the Temple.
Now, as Isaiah is writing, the near invasion of the Ten Tribes by the Syrians is right at hand. It’s going to happen within a matter of a few years. Then, almost a hundred years later the Babylonians will come in from the east and they will besiege Jerusalem, destroy the Temple, and take the Jews back out to Babylon, which is present day Iraq. They will be there for 70 years of captivity.
That’s the way the Scripture puts it. So, what has been happening over the years? They’ve been migrating back into Judah because, after all, that’s where the Temple is. That’s where the major activity is taking place. So, when the Syrians come in and take Israel captive, (the ten tribes) there weren’t that many left, because most of them have moved back down to the Southern Kingdom.
Isaiah wrote in about 700 BC. If we revisit the Old Testament timeline we see that Abraham came out of Ur of the Chaldees in 2000 BC; half-way between Adam and the cross. From Abraham until Israel has the Law and Moses, was about 500 years. So from roughly 2000 BC to 1500 BC was when Israel became a nation, coming out of Egypt, gathering around Mount Sinai where they received the Law, and years later after the death of Moses, Joshua leads Israel into the Promised Land.
After the death of Joshua Israel is under the leadership of gifted individuals, we call “the judges,” men such as Samuel, Gideon, and Sampson. During this period of time, there was no king in Israel; every man did that which was right in his own eyes.
About half way between Abraham and Christ’s first advent, Israel has their first king, King Saul. After 40 years with Saul, Israel got the promised king, David, followed by his son, Solomon. It was Solomon who built the temple. We are now around 900 BC.
Isaiah begins his prophecies about 200 years later. During that time period—from the demise of Solomon’s kingdom until Isaiah—Israel is divided into the Northern Kingdom—Israel/Ephraim—consisting of ten tribes, and the Southern Kingdom—Judah—consisting of two tribes.
They are separate entities with their own line of kings, but they are still all a part of Israel and the Covenant promises made by God to that nation. Isaiah and Jeremiah are directing their prophecies primarily to the Southern Kingdom, Judah, which will be overrun by the Babylonians about 100 years later.
Isaiah is prophesying about 200 years after David and Solomon and about 700 years before Christ’s first advent. Israel is falling into idolatry and on a fast decline both morally and spiritually. The temple is still the center of religious activity, but the nation as a whole is forgetting about the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
So, the warnings that come from these prophets are of an immediate nature; its impending invasion by an enemy who will literally annihilate many of them. It’s also looking forward to another great demise of Israel, which would be after they’ve crucified the Christ (Messiah), the Romans came in and destroyed the Temple, and Israel was disbursed. Then, we can even go further, clear to the end of everything - that point of time that’s just ahead of us now when God will once again deal with His covenant people in what we call the Tribulation.
So in all of these prophecies you look at, the text will usually show – is it the immediate invasion that he’s talking about? Is it the intermediate, when the Romans overran Jerusalem and the Temple was destroyed in 70 AD, or is it the long term, clear at the end of the Tribulation, which of course from Isaiah’s time, would be at least 2700 years into the future. That’s what makes this Book so beautiful. This is why I believe it is the ONLY Word of God on earth.
None of the other books of religion - the Book of Mormon, the Koran, the Book of Buddha, Shinto, none of them can prophecy things years and centuries in advance like this one does, there is no other book on earth that can do what this Book does concerning prophecy.